On this page, we are reviewing and updating information for
PEMF treatments for health conditions from A to D

General INFO and PEMF Peer-reviewed Studies

PEMF – Pulsed Magnetic Therapy is already used in a large variety of illnesses from Autism to Wound healing as well as its supportive effect in Stem Cell treatments.

Below please see the video showing the recent success in treating Autism and Cerebral Palsy with PEMF by Dr. Allen Unruh posted on YouTube on 10. December 2012

Electromagnetic fields enhance chondrogenesis of human adipose-derived stem cells in a chondrogenic microenvironment in vitro.


Chen CH, Lin YS, Fu YC, Wang CK, Wu SC, Wang GJ, Eswaramoorthy R, Wang YH, Wang CZ, Wang YH, Lin SY, Chang JK, Ho ML. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 Mar 1;114(5):647-55. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01216.2012. Epub 2012 Dec 13.


Differentiation of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells, WJ-MSCs, into chondrogenic cells in the presence of pulsed electromagnetic fields.

Esposito M, Lucariello A, Costanzo C, Fiumarella A, Giannini A, Riccardi G, Riccio I. In Vivo. 2013 Jul-Aug;27(4):495-500.


The effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields and dehydroepiandrosterone on viability and osteoinduction of human mesenchymal stem cells.

Kaivosoja E, Sariola V, Chen Y, Konttinen YT. J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2012 Oct 5. doi: 10.1002/term.1612.


Effects of 50 Hz pulsed electromagnetic fields on the growth and cell cycle arrest of mesenchymal stem cells: an in vitro study.

Li X, Zhang M, Bai L, Bai W, Xu W, Zhu H. Electromagn Biol Med. 2012 Dec;31(4):356-64. doi: 10.3109/15368378.2012.662194. Epub 2012 Jun 7.


Differentiation of human osteoprogenitor cells increases after treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields.

Esposito M, Lucariello A, Riccio I, Riccio V, Esposito V, Riccardi G. – In Vivo. 2012 Mar-Apr;26(2):299-304.


A comparative analysis of the in vitro effects of pulsed electromagnetic field treatment on osteogenic differentiation of two different mesenchymal cell lineages.

Ceccarelli G, Bloise N, Mantelli M, Gastaldi G, Fassina L, De Angelis MG, Ferrari D, Imbriani M, Visai L. – Biores Open Access. 2013 Aug;2(4):283-94. doi: 10.1089/ biores. 2013.0016.


Osteoprotegerin (OPG) production by cells in the osteoblast lineage is regulated by pulsed electromagnetic fields in cultures grown on calcium phosphate substrates.

Schwartz Z, Fisher M, Lohmann CH, Simon BJ, Boyan BD. Ann Biomed Eng. 2009 Mar;37(3):437-44. doi: 10.1007/s10439-008-9628-3. Epub 2009 Jan 13.


Effect of pulsed electromagnetic field on the proliferation and differentiation potential of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.

Sun LY, Hsieh DK, Yu TC, Chiu HT, Lu SF, Luo GH, Kuo TK, Lee OK, Chiou TW. Bioelectromagnetics. 2009 May;30(4):251-60. doi: 10.1002/bem.20472.


Pulsed Electromagnetic Field and Exercises in Patients with Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.

Galace de Freitas D, Marcondes FB, Monteiro RL, Rosa SG, Maria de Moraes Barros Fucs P, Fukuda TY. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013 Oct 15. doi:pii: S0003-9993(13)01016-2. 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.09.022. 


Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy for the management of osteoarthritis-related pain, stiffness and physical function: clinical experience in the elderly.

Iannitti T, Fistetto G, Esposito A, Rottigni V, Palmieri B. Clin Interv Aging. 2013;8:1289-93. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S35926. Epub 2013 Sep 26.


Electrotherapy for neck pain.

Kroeling P, Gross A, Graham N, Burnie SJ, Szeto G, Goldsmith CH, Haines T, Forget M. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Aug 26;8:CD004251. doi: 10.1002/14651858. CD004251.pub5.


Efficacy of low frequency pulsed subsensory threshold electrical stimulation vs placebo on pain and physical function in people with knee osteoarthritis: systematic review with meta-analysis.

Negm A, Lorbergs A, Macintyre NJ. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2013 Sep;21(9): 1281-9. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2013.06.015.


Pulsed electromagnetic fields increased the anti-inflammatory effect of A₂A and A₃ adenosine receptors in human T/C-28a2 chondrocytes and hFOB 1.19 osteoblasts.

Vincenzi F, Targa M, Corciulo C, Gessi S, Merighi S, Setti S, Cadossi R, Goldring MB, Borea PA, Varani K. PLoS One. 2013 May 31;8(5):e65561. doi: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0065561. Print 2013.


The effects of pulsed and sinusoidal electromagnetic fields on E-cadherin and type IV collagen in gingiva: a histopathological and immunohistochemical study.

Dogru AG, Tunik S, Akpolat V, Dogru M, Saribas EE, Kaya FA, Nergiz Y.  –  Adv Clin Exp Med. 2013 Mar-Apr;22(2):245-52. 


Influence of pulsing electromagnetic field therapy on resting blood pressure in aging adults.

Rikk J, Finn KJ, Liziczai I, Radák Z, Bori Z, Ihász F. Electromagn Biol Med. 2013 Jun;32(2):165-72. doi: 10.3109/15368378.2013.776420.


Early application of pulsed electromagnetic field in the treatment of postoperative delayed union of long-bone fractures: a prospective randomized controlled study.

Shi HF, Xiong J, Chen YX, Wang JF, Qiu XS, Wang YH, Qiu Y.  –  BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2013 Jan 19;14:35. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-14-35. 


The clinical and radiological outcome of pulsed electromagnetic field treatment for acute scaphoid fractures: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multicentre trial.

Hannemann PF, Göttgens KW, van Wely BJ, Kolkman KA, Werre AJ, Poeze M, Brink PR. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2012 Oct;94(10):1403-8.



ALZHEIMER  –  General INFO and PEMF Peer-reviewed Studies

AD, also known in the medical literature as Alzheimer disease, is the most common form of dementia. There is no cure for the disease, which worsens as it progresses, and eventually leads to death. It was first described by German psychiatrist and neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer in 1906 and was named after him. Most often, AD is diagnosed in people over 65 years of age, although the less-prevalent early-onset Alzheimer’s can occur much earlier.

In 2006, there were 26.6 million sufferers worldwide. Alzheimer’s is predicted to affect 1 in 85 people globally by 2050.

In our review we found the following experimental treatment options:

——-  ALZHEIMER  ——–

On a review, after applying external electromagnetic fields ranging 5 to 8 Hz, large improvements were detected in Alzheimer’s patients. These included improved visual memory, drawing performance, spatial orientation, mood, short-term memory and social interactions.

R. Sandyk, “Alzheimer’s Disease: Improvement of Visual Memory and Visuoconstructive Performance Treatment with Picotesla Range Magnetic Fields,” International Journal of Neurosci, 76(3-4), June 1994, p. 185-225.

——-  ALZHEIMER  ——–

As generally supported, a person’s biological daily clock may causally be related to memory deterioration in Alzheimer’s patients and in the ageing. Synchronizing of the circadian rhythms using magnetic fields, (this article suggests) could lead to improved memory for those affected.

R. Sandyk, et al., “Age-related Disruption of Circadian Rhythms: Possible Relationship to Memory Impairment and Implications for Therapy with Magnetic Fields,” International Journal of Neurosci, 59(4), August 1991, p. 259-262.


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) — also referred to as motor neurone disease (MND) in most Commonwealth countries, and as Lou Gehrig’s disease in the United States — is a debilitating disease with varied etiology characterized by rapidly progressive weakness, muscle atrophy and fasciculation, muscle spasticity, difficulty speaking (dysarthria), difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), and difficulty breathing (dyspnea).

ALS is the most common of the five motor neuron diseases. In our review we found the following experimental PEMF treatment studies:


A study of three patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis were treated with a pulsed magnetic field administered by a Magnobiopulse apparatus. Given three times a week for approximately 75 sessions to achieve maximum benefits, all three experienced beneficial effects.

A. Bellosi & R. Berget, “Pulsed Magnetic Fields: A Glimmer of Hope for Patients Suffering from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis,” Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy. 

Link:         http://www.bioelectromagnetics.org/doc/bems1997-abstracts.pdf


Ankle Sprain

A sprained ankle, also known as an ankle sprain, twisted ankle, rolled ankle, floppy ankle, ankle injury or ankle ligament injury, is a common medical condition where one or more of the ligaments of the ankle is torn or partially torn. Knowing the symptoms that can be experienced with a sprain is important in determining that the injury is not really a break in the bone.

When a sprain occurs, blood vessels will leak fluid into the tissue that surrounds the joint. White blood cells responsible for inflammation migrate to the area, and blood flow increases as well. Along with this inflammation, swelling from the fluid and pain is experienced. The nerves in the area become more sensitive when the injury is suffered, a so pain is felt as throbbing and will worsen if there is pressure placed on the area. Warmth and redness are also seen as blood flow, is increased. Also, present is a decreased ability to move the joint, and difficulty using the affected leg.

Here is a video showing a patient with an ankle sprain and his treatment.


——-  ANKLE SPRAIN  ——–

Results of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study indicated that treatment with two 30-minute sessions of noninvasive pulsed radio frequency therapy is effective in significantly decreasing the time required for edema reduction in patients suffering from lateral ankle sprains.

A.A. Pilla & L. Kloth, “Effect of Pulsed Radio Frequency Therapy on Edema in Ankle Sprains: A Multisite Double-Blind Clinical Study,” Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy, p. 300.

Link:  http://www.bioelectromagnetics.org/doc/bems1997-abstracts.pdf



Arthritis (from Greek arthro-, joint + -itis, inflammation) is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis. The most common form, osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection,


the major complaint by individuals who have arthritis is joint pain. Pain is often a constant and may be localized to the joint affected. The pain from arthritis is due to inflammation that occurs around the joint, damage to the joint from disease, daily wear and tear of joint, muscle strains caused by forceful movements against stiff painful joints and fatigue.

——-  ARTHRITIS   ——–

Effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields on the bioactivity of human osteoarthritic chondrocytes.

Sadoghi P, Leithner A, Dorotka R, Vavken P. – Orthopedics. 2013 Mar;36(3):e360-5. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20130222-27.

Link: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/235879114_Effect_of_pulsed_

——-  ARTHRITIS   ——–

Effects of pulsed electromagnetic field on knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review.

Ryang We S, Koog YH, Jeong KI, Wi H. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2013 May;52(5):815-24. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kes063. Epub 2012 Apr 13. Review.

Link: NO valid Link available.

——-  ARTHRITIS   ——–

Three hours of exposure to a 50-Hz magnetic field in this study revealed that experimentally induced inflammation and suppressed arthritis in rats was significantly inhibited as a result.

Y. Mizushima, et al., “Effects of Magnetic Field on Inflammation,” Experientia, 31(12),December 15, 1975, p.1411-1412.

Link: NO valid Link available.

——-  ARTHRITIS   ——–

Another double-blind, placebo-controlled research study on the effects of pulsed electrical fields administered over a 4 week period revealed significant improvement in patients receiving the therapy relative to the controls.

J.C. Reynolds, “The Use of Implantable Direct Current Stimulation in Bone Grafted Foot and Ankle Arthrodeses: A Retrospective Review,” Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy.

Link:    http://www.bioelectromagnetics.org/doc/bems1997-abstracts.pdf

——-  ARTHRITIS   ——–

In this general review article on the treatment of patients with psoriatic arthritis with magnetic fields, the authors state that an alternating low-frequency magnetic field (30-40 mT) from such generators as “Polius-1″ and “Polius-101″ improves the clinical state of afflicted joints. Such treatments are normally carried out for 30 minutes per day over a period of 15 to 20 days.

V.D. Grigor’eva, et al., “Therapeutic Use of Physical Factors in Complex Therapy of Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis,” Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (6), 1995, p. 48-51

——-  ARTHRITIS   ——–

This research studied the effects of magnetolaser therapy alone or combined with conventional drugs in rheumatoid arthritis patients. This treatment utilized a AMLT-01 device for magnetolaser therapy and consisted of 14 days with 6 minute exposures daily. An obvious improvement was seen after 3 days of treatment, with greater improvement by patients suffering from mild to moderate levels of the disease. End results computed into a 90 percent patient improvement rate.

9B.Y. Drozdovski, et al., “Use of Magnetolaser Therapy with an AMLT-01 Apparatus in Complex Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis,” Fiz Med, 4(1-2), 1994, p. 101-102

Link: NO valid Link available.

——-  ARTHRITIS   ——–

This study on 7 to 14 year old juveniles suffering from rheumatoid arthritis examined effects of low-frequency magnetic fields from a Polius-1 device. Ten daily treatment exposures of 10 to 12 minutes each were conducted on three experimental groups. The three groups showed 58, 76, 37 percent beneficial effects from the treatment.

E.A. Shlyapok, et al., “Use of Alternating Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields in Combination with Radon Baths for Treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis,” Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 4, 1992, p. 13-17.

Related Link:

——-  ARTHRITIS   ——–

Low frequency and constant magnetic fields in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthrosis was the focus of this study. Patients with stages 1 & 2 rheumatoid arthritis as well as patients with osteoarthrosis deformans, showed the beneficial effects from treatments. These low frequency, constant magnetic fields were found especially beneficial to the knees, ankles and wrists.

V.D. Grigor’eva, et al., “Therapeutic Application of Low-Frequency and Constant Magnetic Fields in Patients with Osteoarthritis Deformans and Rheumatoid Arthritis,” Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 4, 1980, p. 29-35.

Related Link:   http://www.update-software.com//BCP/WileyPDF/EN/CD002823.pdf

——-  ARTHRITIS   ——–

Effect of biomagnetic therapy versus physiotherapy for treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial.

Gremion G, Gaillard D, Leyvraz PF, Jolles BM. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (DAL), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Link: http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/19894007

A very well structured overview of PEMF studies and  Arthritis can be obtained from the website of “Healing Light Seminar”



General INFO and PEMF Peer-reviewed Studies

Autism or ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) is known as a complex developmental disability. Experts believe that Autism presents itself during the first three years of a person’s life. The condition is the result of a neurological disorder that has an effect on normal brain function, affecting development of the person’s communication and social interaction skills.

People with autism have issues with non-verbal communication, a wide range of social interactions, and activities that include an element of play and/or banter. The video below explains Autism and its symptoms.

Genomic research is beginning to discover that people with autism spectrum disorders probably share genetic traits with individuals with ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder), bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or clinical depression.

Structural differences between autistic and “normal” brains contribute to the symptoms of autism, (e.g., sensory overload, repetitive behaviors, social skills deficits, communication problems, etc.). In one research study, autistic patients showed fewer symptoms of hyperactivity, sensory overload and repetitive behaviors at the end of the treatment period. The study also revealed that treatment did not diminish areas of “giftedness” that are often present in high-functioning autism.

A randomized double-blind sham-controlled trial to evaluate the treatment efficacy of magnetic resonant therapy in Autistic had been initiated at the Brain Treatment Center Newport Beach, California, United States. Study started in November 2013 and Primary Completion Date is April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure) No study details had been posted so far. Update is available at:


There are  various studies conducted with PEMF to improve medical conditions. Below is a general information provided by Dr. Unruh´s YouTube video


using a PMT-100 one of the most powerful PEMF machines on the market often used at chiropractic offices, also useful for treating Autism.

In Europe, we discovered a company in Malta having developed a system called  “MENTE™” which provides a Portable Sonified Neurofeedback Therapy for ASD Patients.
Several Peer reviewed studies had been made and details are available at their website:


as well at the Journal of Neurological Disorders.

Children with autism spectrum disorder are not being diagnosed as early as they could be and we encourage parents to see video’s explaining early signs of Autism. Besides the above information there are also first experimental data available with stem cell treatment which we cover in our BLOG.





Blepharitis is an eye condition characterized by chronic inflammation of the eyelid, the severity and time course of which can vary.

Onset can be acute, resolving without treatment within 2–4 weeks (this can be greatly reduced with lid hygiene), but more generally is a long standing inflammation varying in severity. It may be classified as seborrhoeic, staphylococcal, mixed, posterior or meibomitis, or parasitic.


Study results indicated that using a magnetic ointment containing reduced iron powder, with an alternating magnetic field had beneficial effects with patients suffering from chronic blepharitis.

V.A. Machekhin, et al., “A New Method for Treating Chronic Blepharitis Using Magnetic Compounds and an Alternating Magnetic Field,” Vestn Oftalmol, 109(4), July-September 1993, p. 16-18.

Related Link: Blepharitis Using Magnetic Compounds and an Alternating Magnetic Field,” Vestn Oftalmol, 109(4), July-September 1993 


General INFO and PEMF Peer-reviewed Studies

A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a medical condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone. A bone fracture can be the result of high force impact or stress, or trivial injury as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis, bone cancer, or osteogenesis imperfecta, where the fracture is then properly termed a pathologic fracture.

PEMF as been FDA-approved to fuse broken bones and has been cleared in certain devices to reduce swelling and joint pain. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) perform on the same physics.

The Invisible Pain Treatment

PEMF creates a powerful electrical magnetic field that extends approximately 5 feet in circumference from the device. Tissues including blood cells, muscle, ligaments, tendons, bone and cartilage respond to electromagnetic fields as they sweep through the body. According to Dr. Oz and his guests, Dr. James Dillard and Dr. William Pawluk, new studies show that with the proper field intensity and frequency, treatment with PEMF appears to be disease modifying.


Many animals receiving PEMF treatments such as dogs, cats and horses with joint pain, arthritis, hip dysplasia and other aches and pains have shown great improvement in their mobility. Considered a wonderful new natural healing alternative to surgery, PEMF is changing the way people are helping their beloved pets feel better and live longer.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

The study we refer to is the “Rabbit osteotomy study”. This is a work conducted with New Zealand White Rabbits using the NASA patented technology and signal which are also used by various PEMF systems.

A number of rabbits had incisions made in the forearm bone, the ulna, where a section of the bone was removed leaving a significant gap. Under normal circumstances this gap will  not heal, because of the extent of the gap.

In the control group without PEMF stimulation, what would normally happen was revealed, that is, there was no bone regeneration in the gap.

ARI new site 2016-11

In the treatment group, with the PEMF signal, after 14 days of treatment there was clear evidence of bone growth in the gap and after 28 days, in the untreated group, there was still no bone growth in the gap.

However, in the PEMF treated group, as you can see above there was a dramatic increase in bone growth, and tendons and ligaments.

ARI new site 2016-10

This technology has shown in many different scientific publications that it clearly increases healing in muscle, tendon, ligament, skin, and bone tissues. This particular study was terminated because the researchers could clearly see the difference between the active PEMF system and the NON treated control group.

The Rabbit osteotomy study”, details please at http://endonovo.com/scientific-studies/ had been conducted at Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine with New Zealand White Rabbits using the NASA patented technology. 

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Pulsed electromagnetic fields for the treatment of tibial delayed unions and nonunions. A prospective clinical study and review of the literature.

Assiotis A, Sachinis NP, Chalidis BE. – J Orthop Surg Res. 2012 Jun 8;7:24. doi: 10.1186/ 1749-799X-7-24. Review.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Early application of pulsed electromagnetic field in the treatment of postoperative delayed union of long-bone fractures: a prospective randomized controlled study.

Shi HF, Xiong J, Chen YX, Wang JF, Qiu XS, Wang YH, Qiu Y. – BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2013 Jan 19;14:35. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-14-35.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

A group of 83 adults with ununited fractures were examined for the effects of bone grafting and pulsed electromagnetic fields for this study. Results showed a successful healing rate of 87 percent in the original 38 patients treated with bone grafts and PEMF for ununited fractures with wide gaps, malalignment, and synovial pseudarthrosis. Of the 45 patients that were not successfully treated with PEMF and had bone grafting, when re-treated with pulsing electromagnetic fields, achieved a 93 percent success rate.

C.A. Bassett, et al., “Treatment of Therapeutically Resistant Non-unions with Bone Grafts and Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields,” Journal of Bone Joint Surg, 64(8), October 1982, p. 1214-1220.

Related Link:

 ——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Electromagnetic effects on forearm disuse osteopenia: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study.

Spadaro JA, Short WH, Sheehe PR, Hickman RM, Feiglin DH. Bioelectromagnetics. 2011 May;32(4):273-82. doi: 10.1002/bem.20632. Epub 2010 Dec 22.

Related Link:
Electromagnetic effects on forearm disuse osteopenia: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Examining the effects of pulsing electromagnetic fields on 125 patients suffering from ununited fractures of the tibial diaphysis, showed a healing success rate of 87%.

C.A. Bassett, et al., “Treatment of Ununited Tibial Diaphyseal Fractures with Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields,” Journal of Bone Joint Surg, 63(4), April 1981, p. 511-523.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Results of this study showed treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields resulted in an overall success rate of at least 75 percent in patients suffering from tibial lesions.

M.W. Meskens, et al., “Treatment of Delayed Union and Nonunion of the Tibia Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields. A Retrospective Follow-up,” Bull Hosp Jt Dis Orthop Inst, 48(2), Fall 1988, p. 170-175.

Related Link:
Early application of pulsed electromagnetic field in the treatment of postoperative delayed union

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

This review article makes the following observations with respect to the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields in treating ununited fractures, failed arthrodeses, and congenital pseudarthroses. The treatment has been shown to be more than 90 percent effective in adult patients. In cases where union does not occur with PEMFs alone after approximately four months, PEMF treatment coupled with fresh bone grafts ensures a maximum failure rate of only 1 to 1.5 percent. For those with delayed union three to four months following fracture, PEMFs appear to be more successful than in patients treated with other conservative methods. For more serious conditions, including infected nonunions, multiple surgical failures, long-standing atrophic lesions, failed knee arthrodeses after removal of infected prostheses, and congenital pseudarthrosis, PEMF treatment has exhibited success in most (17) patients.

C.A. Bassett, “The Development and Application of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) for Ununited Fractures and Arthrodeses,” Clin Plast Surg, 12(2), April 1985, p. 259-277.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   –——-

Results of this study found that 35 of 44 non-united scaphoid fractures 6 months or older healed in a mean time of 4.3 months during pulsed electromagnetic field treatment using external coils and a thumb spica cast.

G.K. Frykman, et al., “Treatment of Nonunited Scaphoid Fractures Pulsed Electromagnetic Field and Cast,” Journal of Hand Surg, 11(3), May 1986, p. 344-349.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

This double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields in femoral neck fracture patients undergoing conventional therapy. PEMF treatment was started within two weeks of fracture, and patients were instructed to make use of the electromagnetic device for 8 hours per day over a 90-day period. Results showed beneficial effects relative to controls after 18 months of follow-up.

E. Betti, et al., “Effect of Electromagnetic Field Stimulation on Fractures of the Femoral Neck. A Prospective Randomized Double-Blind Study,” Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy.

Related link:
Electricity and Magnetism in Medicine
Biomagnetic Healing
Pulsed Magnetic Field Healing

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Results of this double-blind study showed significant healing effects of low-frequency pulsing electromagnetic fields in patients treated with femoral intertrochanteric osteotomy for hip degenerative arthritis.

G. Borsalino, et al., “Electrical Stimulation of Human Femoral Intertrochanteric Osteotomies. Double-Blind Study,” Clin Orthop, (237), December 1988, . 256-263.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   –——-

In this study, 147 patients with fractures of the tibia, femur, and humerus who had failed to benefit from surgery-received treatment with external skeletal fixation in situ and pulsed electromagnetic fields. Results indicated an overall success rate of 73 percent. Femur union was seen in 81 percent and tibia union in 75 percent.

M. Marcer, et al., “Results of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) in Ununited Fractures after External Skeletal Fixation,” Clin Orthop, (190), November 1984, . 260-265

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

This study examined the effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (1-1000 Hz, 4 gauss) on new bone fractures of female patients. Results led the authors to suggest that EMF treatment accelerates the early stages of fracture healing.

O. Wahlstrom, “Stimulation of Fracture Healing with Electromagnetic Fields of Extremely Low Frequency (EMF of ELF),” Clin Orthop, (186), June 1984, . 293-301.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

This study examined the preventive effects of low-frequency pulsing electromagnetic fields against delayed union in rat fibular osteotomies and diaphyseal tibia fractures in humans. Results indicated such treatment modulated and accelerated fracture union in both groups.

A.W. Dunn & G.A. Rush, 3d, “Electrical Stimulation in Treatment of Delayed Union and Nonunion of Fractures and Osteotomies,” Southern Medical Journal, 77(12),December 1984, . 1530-1534.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

This article discusses the cases of two children with bone malunion following lengthening of congenitally shortened lower legs. Pulsed sinusoidal magnetic field treatment was beneficial for both patients.

F. Rajewski & W. Marciniak, “Use of Magnetotherapy for Treatment of Bone Malunion in Limb Lengthening. Preliminary Report,” Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, 57(1-3), 1992,. 247-249.

Related Link:
Limp Lengthening

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Results of this study showed that 13 of 15 cases of long bone nonunion treated with pulsed electromagnetic fields in combination with Denham external fixator united within several months.

R.B. Simonis, et al., “The Treatment of Non-union Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Combined with a Denham External Fixator,” Injury, 15(4), January 1984, . 255-260.

Related Link:
Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) stimulation for the treatment of bone nonunion

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Results of this study found electromagnetic field stimulation to be an effective treatment for nonunion among a group of 37 French

L. Sedel, et al., “Acceleration of Repair of Non-unions electromagnetic Fields,” Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot, 67(1), 1981, . 11-23.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Results of this study found treatment induced pulsing to be beneficial in patients suffering from nonunions unresponsive to surgery.

J.C. Mulier & F. Spaas, “Out-patient Treatment of Surgically Resistant Non-unions Induced Pulsing Current – Clinical Results,” Arch Orthop Trauma Surg, 97(4), 1980,.293-297.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

In this interview with Dr. C. Andrew L. Bassett, a physician researching the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields for the past 30 years at Columbia University’s Orthopedic Research Lab, Dr. Bassett notes that approximately 10,000 of the 12,000-plus orthopedic surgeons in the U.S. have used pulsed electromagnetic fields on at least one patient. Many such surgeons have incorporated the therapy on a more regular basis. He estimates that a total of at least 65,000 patients nationwide have received the treatment, with a probable success rate of between 80 and 90 percent. Use of the treatment has been primarily in patients suffering from nonunited fractures, fusion failures, and pseudarthrosis.

C.A. Bassett, “Conversations with C. Andrew L. Bassett, M.D. Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields. A Noninvasive Therapeutic Modality for Fracture Nonunion (Interview),” Orthop. Review, 15(12)1986 781-795.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

Results of this study showed pulsed electromagnetic fields to have beneficial healing effects in patients suffering from difficult to treat and surgically resistant bone nonunions.

This review article notes that the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields began in 1974, and that 250,000 nonunion patients have received the treatment since. The author argues that success rates are comparable to those of bone grafting, and that PEMF treatment is more cost-effective and free of side effects.

A. Bassett, “Therapeutic Uses of Electric and Magnetic Fields in Orthopedics,quot; in D.O. Carpenter & S. Ayrapetyan, (eds.), Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields. Volume II: beneficial and Harmful Effects, San Diego: Academic Press, 1994, . 13-48.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

This 7-year study examined data on more than 11,000 cases of nonunions treated with pulsed electromagnetic fields for up to 10 to 12 hours per day. Results indicated an overall success rate of 75 percent.

A.A. Goldberg, “Computer Analysis of Data on More than 11,000 Cases of Ununited Fracture Submitted for Treatment with Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields,” Bioelectrical Repair and Growth Society, Second Annual Meeting, 20-22 September 1982, Oxford, UK, . 61.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

This study examined the effects of low-frequency electromagnetic fields (1-1000 Hz) on middle-aged female patients suffering from fresh radius fractures. Results showed significant increases in scintimetric activity surrounding the fracture area after two weeks of EMF treatment relative to controls.

O. Wahlstrom, “Electromagnetic Fields Used in the Treatment of Fresh Fractures of the Radius,” Bioelectrical Repair and Growth Society, Second Annual Meeting, 20-22 September 1982, Oxford, UK, . 26.

Related Link:
Electromagnetic Fields Used in the Treatment of Fresh Fractures 

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

This study examined the effects of constant magnetic fields in patients suffering from fractures. Results showed that magnetic exposure reduced pain and the onset of edema shortly after trauma. Where edema was already present, the treatment exhibited marked anti-inflammatory effects. The strongest beneficial effects occurred in patients suffering from fractures of the ankle joints.

Results of this study found that 10 hours per day of electromagnetic stimulation (1.0-1.5 mV) produced complete union in 23 of 26 patients receiving the treatment for non-joined fractures.

A.F. Lynch & P. MacAuley, “Treatment of Bone Non-Union Electromagnetic Therapy,” Ir Journal of Med Sci, 154(4), 1985, . 153-155.

——-  BONE FRACTURE   ——–

This review article looks at the history of pulsed electromagnetic fields as a means of bone repair. The author argues that success rates have been either superior or equivalent to those of surgery, with PEMF free of side effects and risk.

C.A.L. Bassett, “Historical Overview of PEM-Assisted Bone and Tissue Healing, ” Bioelectromagnetics Society, 10th Annual Meeting, 19-24 June 1988, Stamford, CT, . 19.



Bronchitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi (the larger and medium-sized airways that carry airflow from the trachea into the more distal parts of the lung parenchyma). Bronchitis can be divided into two categories: acute and chronic.

Acute bronchitis is characterized by the development of a cough or small sensation in the back of the throat, with or without the production of sputum (mucus that is expectorated, or “coughed up”, from the respiratory tract). Acute bronchitis often occurs during the course of an acute viral illness such as the common cold or influenza. Viruses cause about 90% of acute bronchitis cases, whereas bacteria account for about 10%.

Chronic bronchitis, a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is characterized by the presence of a productive cough that lasts for three months or more per year for at least two years. Chronic bronchitis usually develops due to recurrent injury to the airways caused by inhaled irritants. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause, followed by exposure to air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide or nitrogen dioxide, and occupational exposure to respiratory irritants. Individuals exposed to cigarette smoke, chemical lung irritants, or who are immunocompromised have an increased risk of developing bronchitis.

——-  BRONCHITIS  ——–

Results of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study indicated that both low-frequency electromagnetic field treatment and treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields proved effective in patients suffering from chronic bronchitis when coupled with standard drug therapies. Magnetic field treatment consisted of a total of 15 15-20-minute daily exposures.

V.M. Iurlov, et al., “The Efficacy of the Use of Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields in Chronic Bronchitis,” Voen Med Zh, 3, 1989, . 35-36.

Related Link:
PEMF and Healing


General INFO and PEMF Peer-reviewed Studies

Cancer, known medically as a malignant neoplasm, is a broad group of diseases involving unregulated cell growth. In cancer, cells divide and grow uncontrollably, forming malignant tumors, and invading nearby parts of the body. ancer may also spread to more distant parts of the body through the lymphatic system or bloodstream. Not all tumors are cancerous; benign tumors do not invade neighboring tissues and do not spread throughout the body. There are over 200 different known cancers that affect humans.

The causes of cancer are diverse, complex, and only partially understood. Many things are known to increase the risk of cancer, including tobacco use, dietary factors, certain infections, exposure to radiation, lack of physical activity, obesity, and environmental pollutants.These factors can directly damage genes or combine with existing genetic faults within cells to cause cancerous mutations. Approximately 5–10% of cancers can be traced directly to inherited genetic defects.

Many cancers could be prevented by not smoking, eating more vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, eating less meat and refined carbohydrates, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, minimizing sunlight exposure, and being vaccinated against some infectious diseases.

Cancer can be detected in a number of ways, including the presence of certain signs and symptoms, screening tests, or medical imaging. Once a possible cancer is detected it is diagnosed by microscopic examination of a tissue sample. Cancer is usually treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. The chances of surviving the disease vary greatly by the type and location of the cancer and the extent of disease at the start of treatment. While cancer can affect people of all ages, and a few types of cancer are more common in children, the risk of developing cancer generally increases with age.

In 2007, cancer caused about 13% of all human deaths worldwide (7.9 million). Rates are rising as more people live to an old age and as mass lifestyle changes occur in the developing world.

——-  CANCER  ——–

Treating cancer with amplitude-modulated electromagnetic fields. Costa et al (2011) reported surprising clinical benefits from using the specific AM-EMF signals to treat advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, stabilising the disease and even producing partial responses up to 58 months in a subset of the patients. Now Zimmerman et al have examined the growth rate of human tumour cell lines from liver and breast cancers along with normal cells from those tissues exposed to AM-EMF. Reduced growth rate was observed for tumour cells exposed to tissue-specific AM-EMF, but no change in growth rate in normal cells derived from the same tissue type, or in tumour or normal cells from the other tissue type.

British Journal of Cancer (2012) 106, 241–242. doi:10.1038/bjc.2011.576
Published online 17 January 2012, Correspondence: Dr CF Blackman; Integrated Systems Toxicology Division (B-105-03), US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA

Related Link:
Treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with very low levels of amplitude-modulated electromagnetic fields

——-  CANCER  ——–

Low intensity and frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields selectively impair breast cancer cell viability.

Crocetti S, Beyer C, Schade G, Egli M, Fröhlich J, Franco-Obregón A. – PLoS One. 2013 Sep 11;8(9):e72944. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072944.

——-  CANCER  ——–

The anti-tumor effect of A3 adenosine receptors is potentiated by pulsed electromagnetic fields in cultured neural cancer cells.

Vincenzi F, Targa M, Corciulo C, Gessi S, Merighi S, Setti S, Cadossi R, Borea PA, Varani K. PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e39317. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039317. Epub 2012 Jun 25.

——-  CANCER  ——–

Effects of extremely low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields on morphological and biochemical properties of human breast carcinoma cells (T47D).

Sadeghipour R, Ahmadian S, Bolouri B, Pazhang Y, Shafiezadeh M. – Electromagn Biol Med. 2012 Dec;31(4):425-35. doi:  10.3109/15368378. 2012.683844. Epub 2012 Jun 7.

——-  CANCER  ——–

This study examined the effects of a rotational magnetic field on a group of 51 breast cancer patients. Results showed a significant positive response in 27 of them.

N.G. Bakhmutskii, et al., “The Assessment of the Efficacy of the Effect of a Rotational Magnetic Field on the Course of the Tumor Process in Patients with Generalized Breast Cancer,” Sov Med, (7), 1991, . 25-27.

——-  CANCER  ——–

Results of this study indicated that exposure to a rotational magnetic field inhibited Walker’s carcinoma tumor growth as much as 90 percent in some cases.

N.G. Bakhmutskii, et al., “The Growth Dynamics of Walker Carcinosarcoma During Exposure to a Magnetic Eddy Field,” Vopr Onkol, 37(6), 1991, . 705-708.

——-  CANCER  ——–

Results of this study indicated that pulsed magnetic field stimulation increased the incorporation of antitumor agents into cells, and thus increased antitumor activity shifting the cell cycle to a proliferative from a nonproliferative phase.

Y. Omote, “An Experimental Attempt to Potentiate Therapeutic Effects of Combined Use of Pulsing Magnetic Fields and Antitumor Agents,” Nippon Geka Gakkai Zasshi, 89(8), August 1988, .. 1155-1166.

——-  CANCER  ——–

Results of this study found that 20-30 sessions of magnetotherapy administered preoperatively exhibited antitumor effects in patients suffering from lung cancer.

L.S. Ogorodnikova, et al., “Morphological Criteria of Lung Cancer Regression Under the Effect of Magnetotherapy,” Vopr Onkol, 26(1), 1980, . 28-34.

——-  CANCER  ——–

This study examined the effects of microwave resonance therapy (MRT) in patients suffering from various forms of cancer. Results showed that MRT treatment prior to surgery reduced the spread of cancer-associated conditions and reduced the risk associated with surgery in 87 percent of patients. MRT applied postoperatively had beneficial effects in 68 percent.

D.V. Miasoedov, et al., “Experience with the Use of Microwave Resonance Therapy as a Modifying Factor in Oncological Therapy,” Abstracts of the First All-Union Symposium with International Participation, May 10-13, 1989, Kiev, Ukraine, .. 313-315.

——-  CANCER  ——–

Results of this study proved that the combination of weak pulsed electromagnetic fields with antioxidant supplementation is beneficial in the treatment of patients suffering from tongue cancer, improving speech, pain control, and tolerance to chemotherapy.

U. Randoll & R.M. Pangan, “The Role of Complex Biophysical-Chemical Therapies for Cancer,” Bioelectrochem Bioenerg, 27(3), 1992, . 341-346.

——-  CANCER  ——–

Results of this controlled study indicated that treatment with a constant magnetic field significantly improved long-term (3-year) survival time in patients undergoing radiation therapy for cancer of the throat. Constant magnetic field therapy consisted of the application of 300 mT for 30 minutes to tumor and metastasizing regions immediately prior to each irradiation.

Results of this Russian study indicated that the use of whole body eddy magnetic fields, coupled with more conventional cancer therapies (including magnetotherapy) is effective in the treatment of patients suffering from a variety of different malignancies.

V. Smirnova, “Anti-Tumorigenic Action of an Eddy Magnetic Field,” Vrach, 2, 1994, 25-26

——-  CANCER  ——–

This article reports on the case of a 48-year-old-woman with breast cancer who was treated successfully with magnetotherapy. Infiltration showed a marked decrease following 30 whole body exposures to an eddy magnetic field for 60 minutes. One metastatic node disappeared while the size of others was reduced following 60 such exposures. A total regression of tumor and metastases was seen following the completion of a course of 110 exposures.

N.G. Bakhmutskii, et al., “A Case of Successful Treatment of a Patient with Breast Cancer Using a Rotating Electromagnetic Field,” Soviet Medicine, 8, 1991, . 86-87.

——-  CANCER  ——–

This study examined the effects of whole body magnetic fields (16.5-35 G, 50-165 Hz) on patients suffering from different forms of cancer. Treatment consisted of 15 cycles, each 1-20 minutes in duration, and was coupled with more traditional cancer therapies. Results showed that the magnetotherapy had overall beneficial effects, particularly with respect to improved immune status and postoperative recovery.

V.A. Lubennikov, et al., “First Experience in Using a Whole-Body Magnetic Field Exposure in Treating Cancer Patients,” Vopr Onkol, 41(2), 1995, . 140-141.

Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)

Chronic venous insufficiency or CVI is a medical condition where the veins cannot pump enough oxygen-poor blood back to the heart. It is sometimes referred to as an “impaired musculovenous pump”, this is due to damaged or “incompetent” valves as may occur after deep vein thrombosis (when the disease is called post thrombotic syndrome) or phlebitis. Ordinarily, women  make up the largest demographic for this problem. Paratroopers, utility pole linemen, and men with leg injuries can suffer from damaged leg vein valves and develop this condition.


As functional venous valves are required to provide for efficient blood return from the lower extremities, CVI often occurs in the veins of the legs.  Itching (pruritus) is sometimes a symptom, along with hyperpigmentation of the legs. Symptoms of CVI include phlebitic lymphedema and chronic swelling of the legs and ankles. The skin may react with varicose eczema, local inflammation, discoloration, thickening, and an increased risk of ulcers  and cellulitis. The condition has been known since ancient times and Hippocrates used bandaging to treat it. It is better described as chronic peripheral venous insufficiency.


This study examined the effects of alternating magnetic fields (15-20 minutes per day over a period of 20 days) in patients suffering from chronic venous insufficiency, varicose veins, and trophic shin ulcers. Results showed good effects in 236 of the 271 patients receiving the treatment. Thirty-four patients reported satisfactory effects. Only one patient experienced no effects.

E.I. Pasynkov, et al., “Therapeutic Use of Alternating Magnetic Field in the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Diseases of the Veins of the Lower Limbs,” Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 5, 1976, . 16-19.


This review article notes that magnetotherapy in a variety of forms has been successfully used in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency and is a commonly used physical therapy for the condition.

A.P. Dovganiuk, “Balneologic and Physical Therapy of Chronic Venous Insufficiency of Extremities,” Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 2, 1995, . 48-49.


This study examined the effects of running impulse magnetic fields in patients suffering from vessel obliteration diseases of the legs. Treatment consisted of 15-20 whole body exposures (0.5-5 mT, 1-2 Hz) lasting 15-20 minutes each. Results showed treatment led to a significant reduction in the number of patients experiencing leg pain while at rest. Among patients previously unable to walk a 500-m distance, 52 percent were able to complete the distance following treatment. Circulation improved in 75-82 percent of patients.

Y.B. Kirillov, et al., “Magnetotherapy for Obliterative Disease of the Vessels of the Legs,” Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 3, 1992, .. 14-17.

Related Link: 
Effect of the alternative magnetic stimulation on peripheral circulation for regenerative medicine


Dental Problem

Some dental practices uses PEMF Generators to aid in healing, as well as reducing pain, inflammation and discomfort in the mouth and oral areas following dental procedures. It has shown to be helpful in a variety of dental applications; all without the use of drugs!

This painless, quiet machine has proven to be an invaluable and integral part of dental practice, and may be able to help you feel better and heal more quickly after a dental treatment.

PEMF therapy may ease pain and swelling as well as promote oral healing. This is yet another way we use homeopathic, natural therapies for the benefit of patients.


Effect of pulsed electromagnetic field on healing of mandibular fracture: a preliminary clinical study.

Abdelrahim A, Hassanein HR, Dahaba M. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011 Jun;69(6):1708-17. doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2010.10.013. Epub 2011 Feb 1.

Related Link:
Pulsed electromagnetic field on healing of mandibular fracture


Performance verification of a prototype non-invasive intra-oral bone growth stimulator for titanium dental implants.

Chan AY, Bergman H. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2008;2008:5624-7. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2008.4650489.


Pulsed electromagnetic fields as adjuvant therapy in bone healing and peri-implant bone formation: an experimental study in rats.

Grana DR, Marcos HJ, Kokubu GA. Acta Odontol Latinoam. 2008;21(1):77-83.


This controlled study examined the effects of adjunctive Diapulse electromagnetic therapy on oral surgery recovery. Patients received the therapy once per day beginning between 3 to 5 days prior to oral surgery. Therapy was maintained until the point of hospital release. Results found the therapy produced significant healing relative to controls, which received conventional treatment only.

L.C. Rhodes, “The Adjunctive Utilization of Diapulse Therapy Pulsed High Peak Power Electromagnetic Energy) in Accelerating Tissue Healing in Oral Surgery,” Q National Dental Association, 40(1), 1981, . 4-11


This study found that patients suffering from various oral diseases experienced more rapid healing when treated with both conventional therapies and 30 minutes per day of pulsed electromagnetic fields (5 mT, 30 Hz), as opposed to conventional therapies alone.

V. Hillier-Kolarov & N. Pekaric-Nadj, “PEMF Therapy as an Additional Therapy for Oral diseases, ”European Bioelectromagnetics Association, 1st Congress, 23-25 January 1992, Brussels, Belgium.



Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being. Depressed people may feel sad, anxious,  empty, hopeless, worried, helpless, worthless, guilty, irritable, hurt, or restless. They may lose interest in activities that once were pleasurable, experience loss of appetite or overeating, have problems concentrating, remembering details, or making decisions, and may contemplate or attempt suicide. Insomnia, excessive sleeping, fatigue, loss of energy, or aches, pains, or digestive problems that are resistant to treatment may also be present.


Depressed mood is not necessarily a psychiatric disorder. It may be a normal reaction to certain life events, a symptom of some medical conditions, or a side effect of some drugs or medical treatments. Depressed mood is also a primary or associated feature of certain psychiatric syndromes such as clinical depression.

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

Transcranial pulsed electromagnetic fields for multiple chemical sensitivity: study protocol for a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Tran MT, Skovbjerg S, Arendt-Nielsen L, Christensen KB, Elberling J. – Trials. 2013 Aug 16;14:256. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-256.

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

Identifying patients with therapy-resistant depression by using factor analysis.

Andreasson K, Liest V, Lunde M, Martiny K, Unden M, Dissing S, Bech P. -Pharmacopsychiatry. 2010 Nov;43(7):252-6. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1263166. Epub 2010 Sep 6.

Related Link:
Factor Analysis of the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale in a Large Sample of Patients With Major Depressive Disorder in Primary Care.

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

Transcranial low voltage pulsed electromagnetic fields in patients with treatment-resistant depression.

Martiny K, Lunde M, Bech P. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Jul 15;68(2):163-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.02.017. Epub 2010 Apr 10.

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

Low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field therapy in fibromyalgia: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled clinical study.

Sutbeyaz ST, Sezer N, Koseoglu F, Kibar S. – Clin J Pain. 2009 Oct;25(8):722-8. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0b013e3181a68a6c.

Related Link:
Clinical Journal of Pain 25(8):722-8.

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

This review article examined the literature concerning the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of depression. Results showed the high-frequency, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment to be an effective, side-effect free therapy for depression that may hold promise for treating related psychiatric disorders as well.

M.T. Kirkcaldie, et al., Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Therapy for Depression and Other Disorders,” Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 31(2), April 1997, . 264-272.

Related Link:
Effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation in major depression

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

Noting that there is good reason to believe the pineal gland is a magnetosensitive system and that application of magnetic fields in experimental animals has a similar effect to that of acute exposure to light with respect to melatonin secretion, the authors propose that magnetic treatment could be a beneficial new therapy for winter depression in humans.

R. Sandyk, et al., “Magnetic Fields and Seasonality of Affective Illness: Implications for Therapy,” International Journal of Neurosci, 58(3-4), June 1991, . 261-267.

Related Link:
Theory of electromagnetic homeostasis

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

This review article notes that transcranial magnetic stimulation has been shown to elicit antidepressant effects, electrically stimulating deep regions of the brain.

C. Haag, et al., “Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. A Diagnostic Means from Neurology as Therapy in Psychiatry? Nervenarzt, 68(3), March 1997,274-278.

Related Link:
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Depression and chronic fatigue syndrome
Efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation for depression confirmed in new study, July 2012

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

In this theoretical paper, the author argues that deep, low-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation can produce therapeutic effects equivalent to those of electroconvulsive therapy but without the dangerous side effects.

T. Zyss, “Will Electroconvulsive Therapy Induce Seizures: Magnetic Brain Stimulation as Hypothesis of a New Psychiatric Therapy,” Psychiatr Pol, 26(6), November-December 1992, . 531-541.

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

This study examined the effects of millimeter wave (MW) therapy as a supplemental treatment in patients suffering from various types of depression. MW therapy involved the use of a “Yav’-1″ apparatus (5.6 mm wavelength, 53 GHz), and consisted of up to 60 minutes of exposure per day, 2 to 3 times per week, for a total of as many as 15 exposures. Results showed that combined MW/conventional treatment produced a complete recovery in over 50 percent of cases studied, a significant improvement in 41 percent, and some improvement in 8 percent. Recovery rates among controls (conventional treatment only) were 4, 48, and 41 percent, respectively.

G.V. Morozov, et al., “Treatment of Neurotic Depression with a Help of Extremely High Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation,” Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova, 96(6), 1996, . 28-31.

Related Link:
Electromagnetic Field Therapies

——-  DEPRESSION  ——–

Results of this study ledak researchers to conclude that patients suffering from major depression experienced a significant reduction of depressive symptoms following treatment with transcranial magnetic stimulation coupled with standard medication relative to patients taking the medicine. This was true after just three TMS treatments.

Conca, et al., “Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Novel Antidepressive Strategy?” Neuropsychobiology, 34(4), 1996, . 204-207.



Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced.  This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

There are three main types of diabetes mellitus (DM).

  • Type 1 DM results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, and currently requires the person to inject insulin or wear an insulin pump. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.
  • Type 2 DM results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. This form was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”.
  • The third main form, gestational diabetes, occurs when pregnant women without a previous diagnosis of diabetes develop a high blood glucose level. It may precede the development of type 2 DM.

Other forms of diabetes mellitus include congenital diabetes, which is due to genetic defects of insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, steroid diabetes induced by high doses of glucocorticoids, and several forms of monogenic diabetes.

Untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, and diabetic retinopathy (retinal damage). Adequate treatment of diabetes is thus important, as well as blood pressure control and lifestyle factors such as stopping smoking and maintaining a healthy body weight.

All forms of diabetes have been treatable since insulin became available in 1921, and type 2 diabetes may be controlled with medications. Insulin and some oral medications can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugars), which can be dangerous if severe.


Both types 1 and 2 are chronic conditions that cannot be cured with presently available medication. Pancreas transplants have been tried with limited success in type 1 DM; gastric bypass surgery has been successful in many with morbid obesity and type 2 DM. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after delivery.

——-  DIABETES  ——–

Therapeutic effects of 15 Hz pulsed electromagnetic field on diabetic peripheral neuropathy in streptozotocin-treated rats.

Lei T, Jing D, Xie K, Jiang M, Li F, Cai J, Wu X, Tang C, Xu Q, Liu J, Guo W, Shen G, Luo E. PLoS One. 2013 Apr 18;8(4):e61414. doi: 10.1371/journal. pone.0061414. Print 2013.

Related Link:
Efficacy of magnetotherapy in diabetic peripheral neuropathy in children

——-  DIABETES  ——–

Effects of PEMF on microcirculation and angiogenesis in a model of acute hindlimb ischemia in diabetic rats.

Pan Y, Dong Y, Hou W, Ji Z, Zhi K, Yin Z, Wen H, Chen Y. – Bioelectromagnetics. 2013 Apr;34(3):180-8. doi: 10.1002/bem.21755. Epub 2012 Sep 5.

——-  DIABETES  ——–

The preventive effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on diabetic bone loss in streptozotocin-treated rats.

Jing D, Cai J, Shen G, Huang J, Li F, Li J, Lu L, Luo E, Xu Q. – Osteoporos Int. 2011 Jun;22(6):1885-95. doi: 10.1007/s00198-010-1447-3. Epub 2010 Oct 26.

——-  DIABETES  ——–

In this study, 320 diabetics received impulsed magnetic field treatment while 100 diabetics (controls) received conservative therapy alone. Results showed beneficial effects with respect to vascular complications in 74 percent of the patients receiving magnetotherapy combined with conservative methods, compared to a 28 percent effectiveness rate among controls.

I.B. Kirillovm, et al., “Magentotherapy in the Comprehensive Treatment of Vascular Complications of Diabetes Mellitus,” Klin Med, 74(5), 1996, . 39-41.

Related Link:
The Use of Magnetic Therapy to Cure Diabetes

——-  DIABETES  ——–

This study involving 72 diabetics with purulent wounds found that magnetic fields aided healing significantly.

R.A. Kuliev & R.F. Babaev, “A Magnetic Field in the Combined Treatment of Suppurative Wounds in Diabetes Mellitus,” Vestn Khir Im I I Grek, 148(1), January 1992, . 33-36.

Related Link:
Combined biological and health effects of electromagnetic fields 


Diseases of the Larynx

The larynx, commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the neck of , reptiles, and mammals involved in breathing, sound production, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration. It manipulates pitch and volume.


The larynx houses the vocal folds (vocal cords), which are essential for phonation. The vocal folds are situated just below where the tract of the pharynx splits into the trachea and the Oesophagus.


Results of this study found that alternative magnetic field of sound frequency proved to be an effective treatment in patients suffering from acute inflammatory diseases of the larynx.

D.I. Tarasov, et al., “Effectiveness of Local Magnetic Field of the Acoustic Frequency in the Treatment of Patients with Acute Inflammatory Diseases of the Larynx,” Vestn Otorinolaringol, (6), November-December 1995, . 11-15.


Duchenne – Erb Disease

Erb’s palsy or Erb–Duchenne palsy is a paralysis of the arm caused by injury to the upper group of the arm’s main nerves, specifically the severing of the upper trunk C5–C6 nerves. These form part of the brachial plexus, comprising the ventral rami of spinal nerves C5–C8 and thoracic nerveT1.These injuries arise most commonly, but not exclusively, from shoulder dystocia during a difficult birth. Depending on the nature of the damage, the paralysis can either resolve on its own over a period of months, necessitate rehabilitative therapy, or require surgery.


The most common cause of Erb’s palsy is dystocia, an abnormal or difficult childbirth or labor. For example, it can occur if the infant’s head and neck are pulled toward the side at the same time as the shoulders pass through the birth canal. The condition can also be caused by excessive pulling on the shoulders during a cephalic presentation(head first delivery), or by pressure on the raised arms during a breech (feet first) delivery.Erb’s palsy can also affect neonates affected by a clavicle fracture unrelated to dystocia.

A similar injury may be observed at any age following trauma to the head and shoulder, which cause the nerves of the plexus to violently stretch, with the upper trunk of the plexus sustaining the greatest injury. Injury may also occur as the result of direct violence, including gunshot wounds and traction on the arm, or attempting to diminish shoulder joint dislocation. The level of damage to the constituent nerves is related to the amount of paralysis.


This study examined the effects of electromagnetic fields in the treatment of 5-year-old children suffering from Duchenne-Erb disease. Children were exposed to either UHF or DMW therapy for 8-12 minutes per day on alternating days over a period of approximately 10 days. Following the electromagnetic fields course, children received mud applications on the collar area and injured extremity. Results showed that treatment decreased contractures in shoulder and elbow joints, increased mobility and muscle strength, and improved general function of the arm.

A.D. Burigina, et al., “Electromagnetic Waves in Complex Therapy of Children with Birth Trauma: Effects of Ultra-High-Frequency Electric Fields on Central Hemodynamics and the Shoulder Plexus,” Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (4),1992, 35-38.


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